The country I was born in is best

Well that's what people seem to think, probably due to their education. The Iconbar website got hacked a while ago due to running old software (did they not hear about apt-get upgrade?). Anyway, just before I replied to post, but they had to restore from a backup so it was deleted, so I'm posting it here:

> Remember at the beginning of the 20th century Britain was years ahead of any country in a lot of areas

Who told you this?

> steam-engine
Greek 0-100AD, but only as a toy
Practical design by French guy in London a bit after 1681, based on work by Galileo and his pupils in Italy.
First useful one built by Thomas Savery of course, using De Caus post 1612 method of raising water using heat.
James Watt later made it work well.

> railways
Roads of rails called Wagonways were being used in Germany as early as 1550
By 1776, iron had replaced the wood in the rails and wheels on the carts. Wagonways evolved into Tramways and spread though out Europe
In 1789, Englishman, William Jessup designed the first wagons with flanged wheels
Richard Trevithick or Cornwall in 1804 built a steam powered tramway locomotive.

> global communications network through telegraph
Surely a global invention

> petrol-driven car
1680 - Dutch physicist, Christian Huygens designed (but never built) an internal combustion engine that was to be fueled with gunpowder
1807 - Francois Isaac de Rivaz of Switzerland invented an internal combustion engine that used a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen for fuel. Rivaz designed a car for his engine - the first internal combustion powered automobile. However, his was a very unsuccessful design.
1858 - Belgian-born engineer, Jean Joseph √Čtienne Lenoir invented and patented (1860) a double-acting, electric spark-ignition internal combustion engine fueled by coal gas. In 1863, Lenoir attached an improved engine (using petroleum and a primitive carburetor) to a three-wheeled wagon that managed to complete an historic fifty-mile road trip
1885 - Gottlieb Daimler invented what is often recognized as the prototype of the modern gas engine - with a vertical cylinder, and with gasoline injected through a carburetor (patented in 1887). Daimler first built a two-wheeled vehicle the "Reitwagen" (Riding Carriage) with this engine and a year later built the world's first four-wheeled motor vehicle

> computer
The Chinese invented the first computer, the abacus.
Pascal's machine could add and Leibniz's machine could multiply
In the early 1800's, the French weaver Joseph Jacquard invented a loom in which a series of punched cards controlled the patterns of cloth and carpet produced
Charles Babbage in 1856, but never built.
The years from 1870 to 1960 also saw the invention and use of a number of "analogue computing machines".
Professor Douglas Hartree's differential analyser, which he designed at the University of Manchester to solve mathematical equations, and had made in 1935
Mark 1 1939-1944
Colossus 1941
Z3 1941
Baby, ran in 1948 at the University of Manchester
ENIAC 1946 University of Pennsylvania
The Z4 was installed at Zurich in 1950

> television
One of the earliest proposals for a mechanical television system was put forward by German researcher Paul Nipkow in 1883
Charles F. Jenkins in May 1920, at the Toronto meeting of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers, Jenkins introduced his "prismatic rings" as a device to replace the shutter on a film projector. This invention laid the foundation for his first radiovision broadcast. He claimed to have transmitted the earliest moving silhouette images on June 14, 1923, but his first public demonstration of these did not take place until June of 1925
On December 2, 1922, in Sorbonne, France, Edwin Belin, an Englishman, who held the patent for the transmission of photographs by wire as well as fiber optics and radar, demonstrated a mechanical scanning device that was an early precursor to modern television
John Logie Baird, a Scottish engineer and entrepreneur who 'achieved his first transmissions of simple face shapes in 1924 using mechanical television. In the first week of October, 1925, Baird obtained the first actual television picture in his laboratory
Farnsworth successfully demonstrated the transmission of television signals, on September 7, 1927

> radar
Heinrich Hertz in Germany calculated that an electric current swinging very rapidly back and forth in a conducting wire would radiate electromagnetic waves into the surrounding space (today we would call such a wire an "antenna" ). With such a wire he created (in 1886) and detected such oscillations in his lab, using an electric spark, in which the current oscillates rapidly
Christian Hulsmeyer in 1904, patented an early warning system for shipping (limited to one-mile range)

pulse modulation, used for measuring height of ionosphere invented by Gregory Breit, Merle Tuve, U.S., 1925

Robert Watson-Watt, England, 1934-1935 invented RADAR for finding aircraft

> jet-engine
Hans von Ohain is considered the designer of the first operational turbojet engine. Frank Whittle was the first to register a patent for the turbojet engine in 1930. Hans von Ohain was granted a patent for his turbojet engine in 1936. However, Hans von Ohain's jet was the first to fly in 1939. Frank Whittle's jet first flew in in 1941

> mobile phone
On June 17, 1946 in Saint Louis, Missouri, AT&T and Southwestern Bell introduced the first American commercial mobile phone service to private customers
In January, 1969 the Bell System made commercial cellular radio operational by employing frequency reuse for the first time. Aboard a train. Using payphones
1973 - Dr Martin Cooper, is considered the inventor of the first portable handset. Dr. Cooper, former general manager for the systems division at Motorola, and the first person to make a call on a portable cellular phone

> WWW from a British man
Working in an international centre of research

> Steven Hawking
Err, ok

> cloning technology
1970's - Dr. John Gordon successfully cloned frogs by replacing the nucleus of frog egg with another nuclear cell from a different frog.
1986 - Dr. Steen M. Willadsen had been working with sheep embryos at Grenada Genetics in Texas and had cloned three sheep eggs from very early embryo cells.
1994 - Dr. First of Wisconsin inadvertently starved cells of nourishing serum for several days. The result was a pause in the cell's life cycle allowing for the cell cycle of the embryo to be matched with the cycle of the cell
1995 - Drs. Wilmut and Campbell of Roslin Institute use First's starvation technique to produce Megan and Morag, the world's first cloned sheep

> half of the human genome.
Wasn't that bananas?
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